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World's Second Face Transplant Performed in Finland

World's Second Face Transplant Performed in Finland

HKI- Earlier this year, the second face transplant in history was performed in the Nordic Countries at the Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa in Finland. The most recent face transplant was a lot more demanding than the first one done in 2016 because it involved bigger part of the facial structure and tissue. The first ever operation involved transplanting an entire lower and upper jaw, nose and lips and some areas of the skin, tongue and midfacial nerves and muscles. As for their second time around doing this type of transplant they used a bigger facial area and the surgery lasted 25 hours. This surgery was made possible by a group of eight surgeons, 20 nurses and other experts. This type of operation was the 41st of its kind, led by Dr. Patrik Lassus and Dr. Jyrki Tornwall was overseeing the bone reconstruction area and aspect of this operation.

This surgery was not only medically demanding, it was also very technical, only a small skilled medical team can ensure this is done efficiently and it requires a lot of planning for safe execution. For this case, the technology was powered by Planmeca ProModel Service, which provides imaging, implants and 3D planning for these demanding surgical procedures. Inventive 3D technology coupled with proficiency and knowledge is what is most important to this service. A simulation of this second face transplant was performed in the Nordics and planned out using their 3D technology. They designed a 3D printer for the actual procedure that would help them with the surgical guides it created, to match exactly to the donors and patients anatomy.

By having these guides they saved a lot of hours of procedure time, it also ensured the accuracy of the procedure, explained Planmeca CAD/CAM Jani Horelli. For this second operation, they transplanted a lot more tissue earlier during the operation, which was very crucial. By using Planmeca and their 3D technology they had less surgery time and they had better methods of performing this surgery compared to previous methods. Lassus concluded that if they didn't have access to their most advanced technology procedures of this level would not be performed. 


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